Two Decades of Growth Wiped Out by Two Years of Pandemic (News and Research 306)

‘Nation’s Report Card’: Two Decades of Growth Wiped Out by Two Years of Pandemic Long-term scores from NAEP show unprecedented score declines for nine-year-olds in math and generational literacy loss

COVID-19 School Closures Hit the Poorest the Hardest in Pakistan For developing countries such as Pakistan, where 24.3 percent of the population (or 55 million people) live below the poverty line, the pandemic’s impact has been wide-ranging and nefarious, particularly on the country’s children. Shortages of cash and food at home were exacerbated by government lockdowns, and schools were closed, with little to no remedial support provided in its place. This blog explores the lasting impact of the pandemic on Pakistani school students, based on a national survey conducted between December 2021 and February 2022.

¿Cuáles han sido las secuelas de la COVID-19 en el aprendizaje de los estudiantes?  La pandemia ha provocado una pérdida del equivalente de entre un trimestre y medio año de aprendizaje en los estudiantes de enseñanzas no-universitarias. [What have been the consequences of COVID-19 on student learning?]

The labour market effects of the polish educational reform of 1999  Authors estimate the effect of the 1999 education reform in Poland on employment and earnings. The 1999 education reform in Poland replaced the previous 8 years of general and 3/4/5 years of tracked secondary education with 9 years of general and 3/3/4 years of tracked upper-secondary education. The reform also introduced new curricula, national examinations, teacher standards, and a transparent financing scheme. The identification strategy relies on a difference-in-differences approach using a quasi-panel of pooled year-of-survey and age-of-respondent observations from the Polish sample of the EU-SILC database. The results indicate that the reform has increased employment probability (by around 3 percentage points) and earnings (by around 4%).

Returns to Education in Greece: Evidence from the 1977 Labor Market Survey using the Greek Civil War as an Instrument  Greece experienced a devastating civil war in 1946–1949. This led to many deaths, economic losses, and severe reductions in schooling expenditures and attendance. Using an instrumental variables approach to estimate the 1977 returns to schooling shows that for those affected by the civil war, the returns to schooling are higher than the corresponding least squares estimate.

International Bureaucrats and Organizational Performance. Country-Specific Knowledge and Sectoral Knowledge in World Bank Projects

School Air Filtration and Ventilation Strategies To Improve Health, Education, Equity, and Environmental Outcomes Upgrading school ventilation and air filtration is a critical part of a multilayered strategy to improve and protect health, education, the environment, and equity.

IZA DP No. 15516: Returns to Education in the Public and Private Sectors: Europe and Central Asia The returns to schooling are estimated for 28 European and Central Asian countries using the Mincerian function. Results show that while the public sector pays on average more than the private sector, the effect of education on earnings is stronger in the private sector. However, the returns to tertiary education are higher in the private sector.