What are the returns to education? (News and Research 184)

Azeri child

What are the returns to education in Azerbaijan? | In recent years, Azerbaijan has achieved high growth rates, sustained poverty reduction, and a reduction in debt levels. At the same time, the country’s primary and secondary education system has expanded significantly, ensuring increased access to learning for children and young people…The private return to investment in education is 6.1 percent, which is generally positive, but still below the global average of 8-10 percent. Meanwhile, the overall private rate of return to tertiary education (relative to secondary) is 9 percent…64 percent of students pay tuition, at 1,800 manat (about $1,000), while the remaining 36 percent are covered by a public subsidy, or 1,700 manat…Attending tertiary education in a public institution here leads to two different returns to investment in education estimates, depending on whether the student paid tuition or not. For those students who pay tuition, the rate of return to investment in education is almost 50 percent lower than for those students who receive a scholarship. Tertiary education in Azerbaijan is currently characterized by low levels of enrollment, and a high degree of cost recovery. Student admission quotas are tightly controlled by the government, resulting in limited access to tertiary education for many young people. Indeed, the quota-to-applicant ratio has been declining since the mid-1990s. As a consequence, a smaller share of today’s young generation has graduated from universities and technical vocational colleges compared to their parents’ generation. (Returns to Education in Azerbaijan: Some New Estimates)

Azeri returns

 How can emerging Europe make the best use of funding for science, education and technology?

How can countries make the best use of funding for science, education and technology? A new partnership between the Bulgarian Ministry of Education and the World Bank is hoping to answer that question, with the bank offering advisory support to Bulgaria on how to make the most of public spending on science, technology and innovation, and how to formulate a vision for the country’s education sector until 2030…(Also: World Bank to Analyze Bulgaria’s Public Spending in Science, Technology and Innovation)

15 New Preschools a Day | On February 12, Deputy Minister of Preschool Education Maksudjon Yuldashev spoke at the International Press Club session about newly established preschools: 5,722 preschools were established last year – that’s on average of 15 new preschools a day. These are unprecedented changes in the history of Uzbekistan, said Mr. Yuldashev. In 2019, preschool enrollment increased from 38 percent to 52 percent. By the end of 2020, the target is to reach 60 percent. About 130 billion UZS (~13,6 million USD) will be allocated from the budget for this purpose. Private preschools are also directly involved in this process. Mr. Yuldashev also added that by 2020, the share of nonpublic preschools is expected to reach 25 percent. It is currently 18 percent. Ministry officials also noted that 10-year tax exemptions and additional subsidies have been introduced to attract private sector to develop preschool education system…

One billion euro program for early childcare services in Italy

Education Exodus: Uzbek Students Rushing Home To Study After Tashkent Eases Transfers | Thousands of Uzbek students studying in neighboring Central Asian countries are rushing to transfer to universities in Uzbekistan after Tashkent eased restrictions for such transfers. The Uzbek Education Ministry on February 7 offered an opportunity for the students — mostly in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan — to submit applications to transfer to an Uzbek university with minimal paperwork and no exams, as was previously required…

Uzbek students massively departing from Kazakhstan | The authorities of Uzbekistan recalling their students from Kazakhstan. The Kazakh Ministry of Foreign Affairs said in a statement. “We received an official appeal from the Uzbek side. This recall of Uzbek students is connected with the reform of the education system in the neighboring republic,” the official representative of the Kazakh Foreign Ministry Aybek Smadiyarov said…

 Tajikistan: The World Bank started weekly publication of materials related to early childhood development in local press for local audiences. Asia Plus will be publishing weekly information (articles, interviews, infographics, short video, etc.) on ECD for 1.5 months and then all materials will be published in a single page under special projects of the website. Here is the first publication, an interview with a family of a local gold medal champion, in which the wife talks about the importance of loving their children, guiding them and being around them…

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Learning Environments and Learning Achievement in the Russian Federation

How School Infrastructure and Climate Affect Student Success

By Tigran Shmis, Maria Ustinova, and Dmitry Chugunov

Using rich data collected from the OECD School User Survey (LEEP) and the Trends in Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS), this book analyzes how the physical characteristics and psychological climates of Russian Federation schools, in conjunction with the teaching methods used, may affect the progress and success of students. (ISBN: 978-1-4648-1499-0) December 2019. 46 pages. View PDF

Quebec passes education reforms abolishing school boards

Быстрый демографический переход