Understanding Effective Teaching Practices (News and Research 88)

Understanding Effective Teaching Practices in Chinese Classrooms:  “Teachers who believed that students should be the focus of instruction scored significantly higher across all domains than teachers who believed that teachers should be the focus of instruction”…

Credential Effects and the Returns to Education in China  Using the China Household Income Project (CHIP) data for 1995 and 2002, we examine the returns to education in China, separating out credential effects from pure years‐of‐schooling effects. The results are broadly consistent with the implications of China moving towards a market‐oriented economy: increasing returns to education where both years of schooling and credentials from completing key phases are rewarded; a decline in the importance of credentials as firms have more discretion to select the best‐suited employees irrespective of their credentials; more emphasis on credentials in the state sector; less emphasis on credentials for long‐tenured employees for whom the employer has more opportunity to assess productivity without relying on credentials; and a greater importance of credentials for females for whom the value of such signals may be more important…

High-quality workforce: a hot issue before CPTPP  Representatives from the Ministry of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs, the World Bank, as well as a number of domestic and foreign-invested enterprises (FIEs) will attend a workshop on April 5 to discuss potential applications of IT in human resources training ahead of the enforcement of the Comprehensive and Progressive Pacific Partnership (CPTPP)…

Income for skilled workers, tax reform among topics  Over the past week, the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security, the Ministry of Science and Technology as well as the State Administration of Taxation, participated in a series of policy briefings and answered questions related to public concerns, such as improving income for skilled workers, newly approved green piloting cities and how steps on tax reform will help to ease the burden for enterprises…

Assessing the Quality of Upper-Secondary Vocational Education and Training: Evidence from China  An increasing number of policy makers in developing countries have made the mass expansion of upper-secondary vocational education and training (VET) a top priority. The goal of this study is to examine whether VET fulfills these objectives of building skills and abilities along multiple dimensions and further identify which school-level factors help vocational students build these skills and abilities. To fulfill this goal, we analyzed representative, longitudinal data that we collected on more than 12,000 students from 118 schools in one province of central China. First, descriptive analysis shows that approximately 90 percent of VET students do not make any gains in vocational or general skills. In addition, negative behaviors (misbehavior in the classroom, antisocial behavior, and other risky behaviors) are highly prevalent among VET students. A nontrivial proportion of student internships also fail to meet minimum government requirements for student safety and well-being. Perhaps as a result of these outcomes, more than 60 percent of students express dissatisfaction with their VET programs, as evidenced by either self-reports or dropping out. Finally, using a multilevel model, we find that school inputs (such as school size, teacher qualifications, and per pupil expenditures) are not correlated with vocational and general skill at the end of the school year, or student dropout in the academic year…

From the ADB:

Indonesia: Enhancing Productivity through Quality Jobs  The book focuses on Indonesia’s most pressing labor market challenges and associated policy options to achieve higher and more inclusive economic growth…

Cambodia’s New Technical and Vocational Education and Training Policy  This policy brief summarizes Cambodia’s Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) Policy 2017–2025 which will guide the formulation and implementation of strategies for skills development in the country…

Toward Adopting a Skills Development Fund for Cambodia  Cambodia’s new technical and vocational education and training (TVET) policy aims to promote public–private partnerships and mobilize resources to support TVET. A key strategy is to set up a national skills development fund…

Philippines: DepEd bags NEDA’s Good Practice Awards  The Department of Education (DepEd) recently reaped distinctions at the 2017 Good Practice Award (GPA) of the National Economic Development Authority (NEDA) held during its Project Implementation Officers’ (PIO) Meeting last March 7 at the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) Auditorium in Quezon City…The NEDA-PIO confers the said awards every two years to encourage agencies to take stock of their performance in implementing programs and projects; to recognize implementing agencies which developed good practices; and to multiply benefits of such practices by allowing other agencies to learn from and adopt them…DepEd entries to the 2017 GPA gained recognition in both categories awarded by NEDA this year: the School-based Learning Action Cells (SLACs) for Professional Development under Category A or Strategies in Achieving Desired Sector Outcomes; and the Financial Management Operations Manual (FMOM) for Category B or Strategies in Resolving Recurrent Issues in Project Management. Both strategies were employed under the Learning, Equity, and Accountability Program Support (LEAPS) project of DepEd…

Improving Teaching and Learning in Indonesia

a educationOver the past 15 years, Indonesia has implemented major policy reforms to improve education. These reforms include a constitutional mandate to spend 20 percent of the national budget on education, decentralizing some functions of the education sector to the district and school level, and implementing the Teacher Law in 2005. The government has also increased resources to schools with the School Operational Assistance Grant (Bantuan Operasional Sekolah, or BOS) program and supported parent enrolling their children in schools through the Smart Indonesia Program (Program Indonesia Pintar, or PIP)…

 

One thought on “Understanding Effective Teaching Practices (News and Research 88)

  1. Thanks for this, Harry. UNICEF Chins working with MoE vocational Education dept since 2016 in developing life skills modules for incorporation into vocational education schools nationwide. Guangyu, whom you met with me leading and happy to share more.

    Like

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