China and the Belt and Road Initiative (News and Research 65)


The 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China (CPC) opened on Wednesday. Since the Party’s founding in July 1921, themes of CPC national congresses explicitly define the path and goal of the Party. The 96-year-old Communist Party of China (CPC) is the world’s largest ruling party with more than 89 million members. General Secretary Xi Jinping gave the opening speech.  He focused on people-centered development, harmony of nature and human beings, common global peace and prosperity.  The speech took three-and-a-half-hours.  In it, he expounded on the theme of “socialism with Chinese characteristics for a new era”.

He also highlighted his trademark Belt and Road initiative. The program will be based on Chinese-led investment in bridges, rails, ports and energy in over 60 countries.  The initiative will also tackle poverty in recipient countries. Also known as The Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st-century Maritime Silk Road; or the One Belt and One Road Initiative (OBOR), The Belt and Road (B&R); and now as the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI).  (See also: Future Development Reads: China’s Belt and Road Initiative)

The strategy focuses on connectivity and cooperation between Eurasian countries, primarily the People’s Republic of China (PRC), the land-based Silk Road Economic Belt (SREB) and the oceangoing Maritime Silk Road (MSR). A university alliance centered at Xi’an Jiaotong University aims to support the Belt and Road initiative with research and engineering, and to foster understanding and academic exchange. To ensure the success of the initiative, China is interested in supporting education. This is being done by strengthening exchanges between China and the rest of the world but also at through development projects, and education again has a role to play.

The Education Action Plan of the Belt and Road Initiate ( aims to:

  1. Promote Closer People-to-People Ties
  2. Cultivate Supporting Talent
  3. Achieve Common Development, including educational cooperation and mutual learning to boost the development of education in the countries involved

Relocation, education are keys to lifting people out of poverty Five years ago, at the First Plenary Session of the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, Xi Jinping became general secretary of the CPC Central Committee. Shortly afterward, Xi set out his vision for the future. That vision included the Chinese Dream, a road map to producing a “moderately prosperous” society by implementing a series of measures designed to raise living standards and lift more than 10 million people out of poverty every year to eradicate the problem by 2020. While the country still has more than two years to fulfill that goal, the efforts made so far have outstripped estimates and have gained recognition from economists, social commentators and financial institutions across the globe. In a recent interview with China Daily, Bert Hofman, the World Bank’s country director for China, South Korea and Mongolia, praised the improvements in living standards since 2012…

Where does Chinese development finance go?  This post looks at the recently updated “Global Chinese Official Finance Dataset” from research group AidData. The post is also available here as an R Notebook which means you see the code behind the charts and analysis. China has provided foreign assistance to countries around the world since the 1950s. Since it’s not part of the DAC group of donors who report their activities in a standard manner, there isn’t an official dataset which breaks down where Chinese foreign assistance goes, and what it’s used for…

Chinese vice minister suggests harmonization of education policies with CEE countries  China and 16 Central and East European (CEE) countries should harmonize education policies and strategies, use advantages of each other’s education systems in search for new ways for cooperation, as well as to increase the participation in exchanges and diversify their cooperation channels, a Chinese education official said Thursday…

Turkey’s closer ties with China generate new craze in learning Chinese language among Turks Turkey’s growing ties with China have generated a keener interest among the Turks in learning the Chinese language and culture that has never been seen before…

New gaokao reform system to be built by 2020 A new reform system for college entrance exams, also known as gaokao, will be established by 2020, said Chen Baosheng, education minister and a delegate to the 19th CPC National Congress. A pilot reform for college recruitment has been put in place in Shanghai and Zhejiang province this year, Chen told on Thursday. The reform gives high-school students extra chances in the college entrance test and more choices in selection of subjects…

China intensifies efforts to promote family education  A class tutor at Beijing’s Yimei Primary School, Zhao Lin has visited all 36 students’ homes at weekends and summer holidays since 2014 to discuss their study with parents. Zhao offers practical advice on how to improve motivation and self-management…

How children’s education became the new luxury status symbol for Chinese parents.  What’s the latest luxury status symbol in China? It’s not a handbag by Louis Vuitton or Gucci. According to Chinese parents, it’s their children. Shelling out a small fortune for their children’s schooling, summer vacations, and extracurriculars is the latest trend for Chinese parents looking to distinguish themselves…

Private universities increasingly important in China  China had 417 private undergraduate universities as of May 2016, accounting for more than 30 percent of all undergraduate universities, according to a report released by the Ministry of Education. Private undergraduate universities, once a supplement to the country’s public higher education, have now become an important part of the country’s higher education system. The report showed that increased investment in private undergraduate universities has improved their educational quality. Students had access to 4,863.3 yuan worth of scientific research equipment per capita in 2010, which rose to 5,760.3 in 2015. Teachers with master’s or doctoral degrees increased from 47.8 percent in 2010 to 62.7 percent in 2015, the report said…

Thailand can be smart-city flagship for Belt and Road  At a recent Asean and China mayoral conference held in Nanning, Guangxi province, one of us (LHM) presented the concept of smart cities and its importance for Asean…

World Bank calls for investment in human capital… Human capital index/Jim Kim/Sri Mulyani

17 October | International Day for The Eradication of Poverty | A Song for the Day

Marawi rebuilding to consider Iraq, Afghanistan models: budget chief

Individualized Self-Learning Program to Improve Primary Education: Evidence from a Randomized Field Experiment in Bangladesh

Trouble in the Making? The Future of Manufacturing-Led Development  Throughout history, lower-income countries have relied on manufacturing, which provides jobs for unskilled workers, helps increase productivity, and drives economic growth, as a central driver of development. However, success in manufacturing and global value chains is currently concentrated in a limited number of countries. In 2015, 55% of the world’s manufactured goods were produced in high-income countries…

Transcript: World Bank Group Opening Press Conference by President Jim Yong Kim at the 2017 WBG/IMF Annual Meetings


Categories China, PISA, Returns to education, Shanghai

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