News and Research 46: Early Childhood Development

Status of Early Childhood Health and Development in Northern Lao PDR  A recent study provides an in-depth picture of the status of children’s health and development, of the social, demographic and economic contexts in which children in northern Lao PDR are growing up, and of how all these factors are having an impact on children’s development. Read more  Infographics | Snapshots | Report | Project

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Reducing Early Grade Drop Out and Low Learning Achievement in Lao PDR  Participation in basic education in Lao PDR has improved steadily in recent decades. However, the country still faces persistent problems related to the significant number of children remaining out of school or leaving primary school early. Read more  Report | Project

 

Program for Herders’ pre-school children wraps up Ulaanbaatar /MONTSAME/ Save the Children Mongolia and the Ministry of Education, Culture, Science and Sports have successfully implemented a project that helps herders’ children make a good start to their education. The project demonstrated significant results for 8,500 herder children, their parents, teachers, community and rural areas. The project’s closing workshop was held at the Tuushin hotel on May 29, 2017. The project titled “Improving primary education outcomes for the most vulnerable children in rural Mongolia”, was conducted between 2012 and 2017 in 30 soums in Arkhangai, Dornod, Uvurkhangai and Sukhbaatar aimags with a total grant amount of USD 2.5 million financed by the World Bank and Japan Social Development Fund. The project created and implemented three programs to meet the learning and development needs of herders’ children in rural Mongolia.  First, over 4,000 five-years old herders’ children with little or no access to early childhood education completed the Home-based school preparation program with their parents’ help. As a result, the average rate of preschool enrollment in four target aimags increased by 13.2%,from 72.8% in the 2012-2013 academic year to 86% in 2016-2017. A World Bank study on the quality of preschool education found that the cognitive and language skills of  children who completed the home-based school preparation programs were better than those who had no access to early childhood education and that studying in ger kindergartens to prepare for school is crucial for children’s further learning and achievement…

 

Analyzing Upper Secondary Education Dropout in Latin America through a Cohort Approach This study examines recent trends and factors in school dropout at the upper secondary education level across Latin America. The methodology employs repeated cross sections of data to track the life cycle path of cohorts of individuals in 18 countries. A key finding is that while upper secondary enrollment rates increased in the region, dropout has remained persistently high, despite relatively favorable macroeconomic conditions. To explain dropout trends, the study examines the impact of three groups of factors: (i) shifts in the cohort size and socioeconomic composition of the population eligible for entering upper secondary; (b) the macroeconomic environment and labor market opportunities; and (c) the returns to schooling. We show that an important factor in persistently high dropout rates has been the higher numbers of students from poor socioeconomic backgrounds reaching upper secondary…

Test score difference halved due to subsidy from government to private schools for migrants in Shanghai As spaces in public schools are limited, a substantial number of migrant children living in Chinese cities but without local hukou are enrolled in private migrant schools. This paper studies the quality of migrant schools using data collected in Shanghai in 2010 and 2012. Although students in migrant schools perform considerably worse than their counterparts in public schools, the test score difference in mathematics has almost been halved between 2010 and 2012, due to increased financial subsidy from the government. We rule out alternative explanations for the convergence in test scores. We also conduct a falsification test and find no relative changes in the performance of migrant school students based on a follow-up survey of a new cohort of students in 2015 and 2016, a period with no changes in financial subsidies to migrant schools.

Special Issue: Progress toward a Literate World: Early Reading Interventions in Low- and Middle-Income Countries | New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development

New Estimates on Educational Attainment Using a Continuous Approach (1970-2010)

Understanding the Intergenerational Transmission of Human Capital: Evidence from China

China’s expansion of higher education: The labour market consequences of supply shock

Essays on Vulnerability and Inclusive Development in Developing Asia : a focus on Vietnam

New Estimates on Educational Attainment Using a Continuous Approach (1970–2010)

New evidence on the need for a multi-sectoral approach to reducing childhood stunting

Mismatch as choice

Economic Returns to Education in the United Kingdom

Labor market developments and reforms in Korea | Lee, Juho | 1997 This paper attempts to document the structural changes in the Korean labor market in the 1980s and the 1990s with special emphasis on the changes around 1987. We have investigated the…

Labor market reform and wage inequality in Korea | Kim, Hyeon-Kyeong | 2014 A large and growing literature discusses the causes of increasing Korean inequality. Off-shoring, greater exposure to the global market, and skill-biased technological change have figured…

Globalization, labor market flexibility and the Korean labor reform | You, JongIl | 1997 This paper addresses the question of labor market flexibility in Korea. It starts out with a conceptual discussion on different notions of labor market flexibility, identifying market-driven flexibility and…

Strategies for reforming Korea’s labor market | Dao, Mai | 2014 While the Korean unemployment rates are currently among the lowest in OECD countries, the labor market duality and the underemployment in some segments of the population…

Labour market reform and social safety net policies in Korea | OECD | 2000 Korea has experienced one of the most impressive economic records of modern capitalism. Following the Korean War, from which the country emerged as one of the poorest in the world,…

The politics of labor market reform in coordinated welfare capitalism: comparing Sweden, Germany, an | Fleckenstein, Timo | 2016 Since the 1990s, coordinated welfare capitalism has been subject to comprehensive change, with workfare measures and the deregulation of employment protection at the heart of labor…

Labor market reform | SaKong, Il | 2010 In restructuring corporations and financial institutions, the large-scale layoff of redundant workers was inevitable. However, militant labor unions had traditionally been afixture in these organizations…

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