Nobel Prize in Economics

Nobel Prize in Economics (News and Research 175)

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Nobel Laureates Abhijit Banerjee and Esther Duflo | The Many Paths to Progress—and Why They Might Not Continue | Foreign Affairs | https://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/2019-12-03/how-poverty-ends | For all the worries today about the explosion of inequality in rich countries, the last few decades have been remarkably good for the world’s poor. Between 1980 and 2016, the average income of the bottom 50 percent of earners nearly doubled, as this group captured 12 percent of the growth in global GDP. The number of those living on less than $1.90 a day—the World Bank’s threshold for “extreme poverty”—has dropped by more than half since 1990, from nearly two billion to around 700 million. Never before in human history have so many people been lifted out of poverty so quickly…

With reference to World Bank blog:

…Second, at a more fundamental level, these efforts to discover what causes growth make little sense. Almost every variable for a given country is partly a product of something else. Take education, one factor positively correlated with growth. Education is partly a function of a government’s effectiveness at running and funding schools. But a government that is good at doing that is probably good at other things, as well—say, building roads. If growth is higher in countries with better educational systems, should the schools that educate the workforce get credit, or the roads that make trade easier? Or is something else responsible? Further muddying the picture, it is likely that people feel more committed to educating their children when the economy is doing well—so perhaps growth causes education, and not just the other way around. Trying to tease out single factors that lead to growth is a fool’s errand. So, by extension, is coming up with corresponding policy recommendations…

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Learning Environments and Learning Achievement in the Russian Federation: How School Infrastructure and Climate Affect Student Success | T. Shmis, M. Ustinova, D. Chugunov | The design of learning environments and its potential impact on the academic outcomes of pupils is gaining momentum in different countries. According to the Sustainable Development Goal on education, building high-quality education facilities contributes to the achievement of inclusive and equitable education for all. Empirical studies in this area could support the development of evidence-based policies, but they remain few in number. In 2015 the Russian Federation initiated several federal investment programs to develop school infrastructure. Finding ways to make these investments as efficient as possible remains relevant not only for Russia but also for other countries that allocate significant funding for the construction of education facilities. To understand the relation between physical settings and the learning process, in 2018 the World Bank initiated a study on school infrastructure in Russia…

Anna Novosad: Ukraine’s youngest minister aims to reboot education

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The Learning Crisis Requires a New Approach (Koha Ditore) | Kosovo | Kriza në mësimnxënie kërkon një qasje të re | Koha Ditore today published OpEd of President Malpass on the learning, The recent results of the Program for International Student Assessment (PISA), which measures 15-year-olds’ ability to use their reading, mathematics and science knowledge and skills to meet real-life challenges, show that in Kosovo three in four students are unable to demonstrate the basic competencies required for reading, math and science as compared to the average of one in three students in countries of Europe and Central Asia region. Also, the performance gap between students from the top income group and their peers in the bottom income group is large, with a difference of 45 PISA points, roughly equivalent to one school year. Similarly, students from private schools outperform their peers from public schools by 98 PISA points, roughly equivalent to a little over two years of schooling.

Call for Papers | IZA/World Bank/NJD/UNU-WIDER Jobs & Development Conference | May 21-22, 2020 | Warsaw, Poland

Learning environment as third teacher? Evidence on the impact of school infrastructure

Measuring Success in Education: The Role of Effort on the Test Itself

Quality Education & the Efficiency of Public Expenditure: Cross-Country Comparative Analysis

Świat pogrążony w kryzysie edukacji. Potrzeba nowego podejścia

Modular Kindergartens in Uzbekistan

https://www.facebook.com/mtv.gov.uz/posts/2819502888109604

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KOICA plans to build a Training and Early Learning Center in Tashkent

Categories Human capital, Returns to education

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